Matrix defining the KEV Format to represent a journal publication

dc:title KEV Journal Format
dc:creator NISO Committee AX, OpenURL Standard Committee
dc:description This Matrix represents the Journal Format as a string of ampersand-delimited Key/Encoded Value pairs
dc:identifier info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:journal
dcterms:created 2004-01-01

A representation of a Key/Encoded-Value pair is generated by concatenating the contents of the first four columns of a row that begins with an ampersand in the Matrix below. The ordering of KEV pairs is not important. Rows which have '#' in the first column are comments and should not be included in the representation.

The following data types are provided for the values of the Keys, which must be URL-encoded:

<data> Character string
<id> Character string for an Identifier (Z39.88-2004, Part 1, Section 7)
<fmt-id> Character string for a Format Identifier (Z39.88-2004, Part 1, Sections 12 and 13)
<m-key> Character string for a Metadata Key (Z39.88-2004, Part 2, Section 7.1)
<url> Character string for a URL
<date> Character string representing a date to the complete date level of the W3CDTF profile of ISO 8601, of the form: [ YYYY-MM-DD | YYYY-MM | YYYY ]
<time> Character string representing a date and time to the seconds level of the W3CDTF profile of ISO 8601, of the form: [ YYYY-MM-DDThh:mm:ssTZD | YYYY-MM-DD ]

Abbreviations in column headings:

The Matrix

Delim Key Equals Value Min Max Description
& aulast = <data> 0 1 First author's family name. This may be more than one word. In many citations, the author's family name is recorded first and is followed by a comma, e.g. Smith, Fred James is recorded as "aulast=smith"
& aufirst = <data> 0 1 First author's given name or names or initials. This data element may contain multiple words and punctuation, i.e, "Fred James"
& auinit = <data> 0 1 First author's first and middle initials.
& auinit1 = <data> 0 1 First author's first initial.
& auinitm = <data> 0 1 First author's middle initial.
& ausuffix = <data> 0 1 First author's name suffix. Qualifiers on an author's name such as "Jr.", "III" are entered here. e.g. Smith, Fred Jr. is recorded as "ausuffux=jr"
& au = <data> 0 * This data element contains the full name of a single author, e.g. "Smith, Fred M", "Harry S. Truman".
& aucorp = <data> 0 1 Organization or corporation that is the author or creator of the document, e.g. "Mellon Foundation"
& atitle = <data> 0 1 Article title.
& title = <data> 0 1 Journal title. Provided for compatibility with version 0.1. Prefer jtitle.
& jtitle = <data> 0 1 Journal title. Use the most complete title available. Abbreviated titles, when known, are records in stitle. This can also be expressed as title, for compatibility with version 0.1. "journal of the american medical association"
& stitle = <data> 0 1 Abbreviated or short journal title. This is used for journal title abbreviations, where known, e.g. "J Am Med Assn"
& date = <date> 0 1 Date of publication.
& chron = <data> 0 1 Enumeration or chronology in not-normalized form, e.g. "1st quarter". Where numeric dates are also available, place the numeric portion in the "date" Key. So a recorded date of publication of "1st quarter 1992" becomes date=1992&chron=1st quarter. Normalized indications of chronology can be provided in the ssn and quarter Keys.
& ssn = <data> 0 1 Season (chronology). Legitimate values are spring, summer, fall, winter
& quarter = <data> 0 1 Quarter (chronology). Legitimate values are 1, 2, 3, 4.
& volume = <data> 0 1 Volume designation.Volume is usually expressed as a number but could be roman numerals or non-numeric, e.g. "124", or "VI".
& part = <data> 0 1 Part can be a special subdivision of a volume or it can be the highest level division of the journal. Parts are often designated with letters or names, e.g. "B", "Supplement".
& issue = <data> 0 1 This is the designation of the published issue of a journal, corresponding to the actual physical piece in most cases. While usually numeric, it could be non-numeric. Note that some publications use chronology in the place of enumeration, e.g. Spring, 1998.
& spage = <data> 0 1 First page number of a start/end (spage-epage) pair. Note that pages are not always numeric.
& epage = <data> 0 1 Second (ending) page number of a start/end (spage-epage) pair.
& pages = <data> 0 1 Start and end pages, e.g. "53-58". This can also be used for an unstructured pagination statement when data relating to pagination cannot be interpreted as a start-end pair, e.g. "A7, C4-9", "1-3,6". This data element includes the OpenURL 0.1 definition of "pages".
& artnum = <data> 0 1 Article number assigned by the publisher. Article numbers are often generated for publications that do not have usable pagination, in particular electronic journal articles, e.g. "unifi000000090". A URL may be the only usable identifier for an online article, in which case the URL can be treated as an identifier for the article (e.g. "rft_id= issues/issue6_2/odlyzko/ index.html").
& issn = <data> 0 1 International Standard Serials Number (ISSN). The issn may contain a hyphen, e.g. "1041-5653"
& eissn = <data> 0 1 ISSN for electronic version of the journal. Although there is no distinction by format in the assignment of ISSNs, some bibliographic services now carry both the ISSN for the paper version and a separate ISSN for the electronic version. This data element is included here to allow the OpenURL to carry both ISSNs and distinguish them.
& isbn = <data> 0 1 International Standard Book Number (ISBN). The ISBN is usually presented as 9 digits plus a final check digit (which may be "X"), e.g. "057117678X" but it may contain hyphens, e.g. "1-878067-73-7"
& coden = <data> 0 1 CODEN
& sici = <data> 0 1 Serial Item and Contribution Identifier (SICI)
& genre = "journal",
0 1 journal: a serial publication issued in successive parts.
issue: one instance of the serial publication.
article: a document published in a journal.
conference: a record of a conference that includes one or more conference papers and that is published as an issue of a journal or serial publication
proceeding: a single conference presentation published in a journal or serial publication
preprint: an individual paper or report published in paper or electronically prior to its publication in a journal or serial.
unknown: use when the genre of the document is unknown.

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